Accomodating diverse learning stylles ppt
Accomodating diverse learning stylles ppt - newly dating gifts
“Our findings indicate that cognitive style is a complex variable with multiple dimensions.Although many of the measures seem to overlap conceptually, we found no simple, strong, interrelationships among them” ((Leonard et al., 1999: 418) There are many learning style models, e.g. (2004) reviewed over 800 texts and studied 13 models in depth.
But other psychologists and neuroscientists have questioned the scientific basis for some learning style theories.Of particular interest is the question on how to match or not to match cognitive and instructional styles.“ Learning style is secondary in selecting the fundamental components of instructional strategy appropriate for and consistent with a given learning goal.Jonassen and Grabowski provide the following criteria - grouped in two families - to identify a learning style.1) Field Dependence: the individuals are considered to have a more social orientation than Field Independent persons since they are more likely to make use of externallydeveloped social frameworks.They tend to seek out external referents for processingand structuring their information, are better at learning material with human con-tent, are more readily influenced by the opinions of others, and are affected by the approval or disapproval of authority figures (Witkinet al, 1977).
1) Field Independence: the individuals tend to exhibit more individualistic behaviourssince they are not in need of external referents to aide in the processing of informa-tion.
A major report published in 2004 cast doubt on most of the main tests used to identify an individual's learning style.”“ Conflicting assumptions about learning underpin mainstream ideas about learning and the best-known models of learning styles.
For example, some theories discussed in this report derive from research into brain functioning, where claims are made that specific neural activity related to learning can be identified in different areas of the brain.
Other influential ideas derive from established psychological theories, such as personality traits, intellectual abilities and fixed traits which are said to form learning styles.” (Coffield, Moseley, Hall and Ecclestone, 2004) According to critical reports like Coffield, Moseley, Hall and Ecclestone (2004), many models popular with practitioners do not meet academic standards.
Many learning style models seem to have rather weak academic foundations and are grounded on dubious methodology at worst or do not provide reliable measurement instruments at best. In addition, customization of instruction to improve learning outcomes has proven to be very difficult, except for a few very precise questions.
“ Learning styles are different ways that a person can learn.